The Relationship between Spirituality and Emotional Intelligence

By Sandra Lee Flores, Mark Green, Phyllis Duncan and Meghan Carmody-Bubb.

Published by The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

In this study, 159 leaders completed the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. An Exploratory Factor Analysis using the Principal Components method with Varimax rotation was conducted on all of the subscales of the three instruments and produced a 5-factor solution. Components of Emotional Intelligence loaded on three separate components, the two subscales from the Spiritual Well-Being Scale loaded on a separate component and the total score from the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale loaded on a separate scale. This finding lent support that the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory was measuring something different than spirituality. Consequently, the two spirituality instruments were used to predict emotional intelligence. Among the findings were that leader age and leader Daily Spiritual Experiences predicted overall leader Emotional Intelligence.

Keywords: Spirituality, Emotional Intelligence

The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.93-105. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 720.310KB).

Sandra Lee Flores

Doctoral Student, Our Lady of the Lake University, San Antonio, Texas, USA

Part time Lecturer in Leading Organizations and Making Decisions at University of Texas-San Antonio which is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge through research and discovery, teaching and learning, community engagement and public service. She is also a Senior Corporate Trainer for Kinetic Concepts, Inc. (KCI) which is a leading global medical technology company devoted to understanding, developing and commercializing innovative, high-technology transformational healing solutions for customers and patients in more than 25 countries around the world. Her focus in research is authentic leadership, spirituality, ethics, and various predictors of successful leadership. Sandy holds a BA in Business Administration from Concordia University; a Dual Masters in Human Resources Development and Management & Leadership. She is currently pursuing her PhD from Our Lady of the Lake University and is expected to graduate, August 2015.

Dr. Mark Green

Professor, Department of Leadership Studies, Our Lady of the Lake University, San Antonio, TX, USA

Professor of Leadership Studies at Our Lady of the Lake University in San Antonio, TX. Prior to becoming a college professor, he was an Army officer with assignments at Fort Benning, GA, the Pentagon and the Army Medical Department Center and School. He currently teaches doctoral classes in leadership and has chaired over 40 doctoral dissertations. He has published research articles in peer-reviewed literature in areas such as spirituality and leadership, language and leadership, and various predictors of successful leadership. Mark holds a BA in Psychology from Westminster College; an M.Ed. in Counseling from the University of Missouri, Columbia; an MS in Information Systems from the American University in Washington DC; an MBA from Our Lady of the Lake University; an MA in Theology from the Oblate School of Theology in San Antonio, TX and a PhD in Educational Administration from the American University.

Dr. Phyllis Duncan

Professor, School of Business and Leadership, Our Lady of the Lake University, San Antonio, TX, USA

Associate Professor in the School of Business and Leadership at Our Lady of the Lake University. She has held leadership positions in various businesses including CEO, COO, and Senior Vice President. Dr. Duncan holds a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from the University of the Ozarks, a Master of Business Administration degree from University of Arkansas, a Master of Science in Industrial Engineering from Southwest University and a PhD from the University of the Incarnate Word.

Dr. Meghan Carmody-Bubb

Assistant Professor, Department of Leadership Studies, Our Lady of the Lake University, San Antonio, TX, USA

Earned her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Texas Tech University in 1993. She served in the U.S. Navy as an Aerospace Experimental Psychologist, conducting research in adaptive automation, aircrew training, and advanced technology displays for tactical aircraft. She retired from the Navy Reserves at the rank of Commander. Dr. Carmody-Bubb is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Leadership Studies at Our Lady of the Lake University in San Antonio, Texas. She lives in Bulverde, Texas with her husband and three children.