Women; Iranian Literature and Religion

By Somayeh Haddadi and Mojtaba Zarvani.

Published by The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: June 3, 2014 $US5.00

The weaker sex, the Devil, disloyal, incomplete wisdom and creation; these are some descriptions of women in Iran folklore. In this article, we investigate the origins of these unfair beliefs. First, we assume that religion plays a significant role in the formation of many beliefs that are prevalent in each society. Beside religion, other determinative factors i.e. social values, folklore, culture, politics and economy are precisely studied. Finally, we illustrate how these factors have remarkably degraded the women’s status in the society of Iran. However, all the factors, including religion, have been affected by the system in which men are the premier power. We will demonstrate this theory through study of the women’s actions, and status, in the era of matriarchy and their roles in the constitutional revolution of Iran. In order to change the status of women in Iran, we postulate that the attitudes of men and women towards each other need to be moderated and equal opportunities for men and women be made in all aspects of the society.

Keywords: Woman, Religion, Weaker Sex, Devil, Iran Folklore, Culture, Islam, Patriarchy, Matriarchal System

The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2014, pp.43-53. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: June 3, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 346.679KB)).

Somayeh Haddadi

Independent Scholar, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Somayeh Haddadi is an independent Scholar. She Received B.A in Comparative Religions and M.A in Religion and Social Science from Shahid Madani University in Iran.

Dr. Mojtaba Zarvani

University of Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)