|Published online: October 24, 2016||$US5.00|
Do clergymen experience secularization in their everyday lives, despite their initial opposition to it? The present work attempts to answer this question by looking for signs of secularization in the everyday lives of clergymen. The data were collected through direct observation and semi-structured interviews. To select the seventeen clergymen as participants, purposeful sampling and the snowball method were used, and the results were then classified into nine clusters. The results found that one of the most prevalent reasons for the emergence of secularization is a tendency to coexist with their society, which teaches clergymen to avoid absolutistic views. Social and religious identities have also changed with the adaptation to a modern lifestyle. Clergymen move toward a prioritization of their needs based on the demands of their jobs, welfare, and interests and, finally, move toward a more worldly life. Exposure to communication tools and being informed about global cultures make clergymen transform particular cultural values and soften the atmosphere in society based on present and future needs. Furthermore, these changes reduce the need for traditional clerical structures and help clergymen continue their lives on the basis of their awareness, thought, and individual independence. This issue leads to growth in empiricism, materialism, and rationality; change in attitudes toward traditions and beliefs; and attention to adjusting to extreme religious attitudes.
|Keywords:||Secularization, Clergymen, Everyday Life, Phenomenology, Iran|
The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2016, pp.71-82. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: October 24, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 409.629KB)).
PhD Candidate, Department of Cultural Sociology, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)