Shi’ism and Heterodoxy from the Historical Viewpoint

By S. Adel Hashemi Najafabadi.

Published by The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society

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By looking into Islamic history, this essay argues historical roots of considering Shi’ism as a heterodox tradition. For this purpose, the outline of the social structure in the last few years of the Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime as a potential for conflict will be shown. In addition, the period of the first Caliphs, as a base for shaping the so-called orthodoxy in Islam, will be analyzed. Finally, some debates over the heterodoxy of Shi’ism will be presented and their validity will be evaluated.

Keywords: Orthodoxy, Heterodoxy, Shi’ism, Early Islamic History

The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.155-164. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 649.658KB).

S. Adel Hashemi Najafabadi

Graduate Student, Center for Arab & Islamic Studies, Australian National University, Australia