During the reign of the Buyids, there were many political rivalries and wars among Muslims. The impact of these wars affected the majority of Muslims badly. However, this socio-political reality also coincides with the renaissance of Muslim intellectualism. The “mutakallimun” (Muslim theologians) developed their schools actively during this period. The aim of this article is to analyze the relationship between the socio-political background of the Buyids and its role in the development of “kalam” (speculative theology) schools.
|Keywords:||The Buyids, Socio-politic, Kalam Schools|
Senior Lecturer, Islamic Science University of Malaysia (USIM), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia